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Planting Roses..

Roses are ornamental woody perennials that can bring outstanding showy colour to the garden many of them have beautifully scented flowers as well. They can be erect, climbing and trailing as well as offering great ground cover the compact and miniature varieties are ideal for a sunny patio there is definitely a rose to suit any garden.

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What Type Of Rose?

HYBRID TEA - A tall rose that produces a long stem with a single flower this is a good repeat flowering rose.

FLORIBUNDA - A bushy rose with clusters of flowers on a single stem.

SHRUB - These are robust shrubs that are ideal for mixed borders and attractive hedges.

CLIMBING - A tall rose that is ideal for growing against walls and pergolas often repeat flowering.

RAMBLING - A tall rose larger than a climber, this rose only flowers once ideal for trellis and rose arches.

GROUND COVER - A low growing rose that is often called a landscape rose these are low growing, very low maintenance and disease and pest resistant.

PATIO - A bushy rose with clusters of flowers ideal for smaller gardens and containers.

MINIATURE - A small compact twiggy rose with masses of flowers with good repeat flowering ideal for smaller gardens and pots and containers

Roses can be planted any time of the year except when the ground is frozen, waterlogged or in drought. Choose an area that is in a sunny sheltered spot, roses also need space for ventilation so avoid over crowding and don't plant under trees or large shrubs.  They also need a moist well drained humus rich soil that is weed and stone free so the roots have space to grow.

Planting Bare Root Roses...
1. Soak the rose in a bucket of water to re hydrate the rose.
2. Dig the soil where the rose is to be planted removing any weeds and stones ensure it is deep enough to accommodate the rose's roots when they are spread out.
3. Add well rotted manure or chicken manure pellets to the bottom of the hole and surrounding soil.
4. Position the rose in the hole with the graft (the area between the root and stem) just below the top of the planting hole.
5. Fill in around the roots and firm the soil with your foot to ensure there are no air pockets in the soil.  Water the rose well.


Planting a potted rose is the same procedure as for planting bare root rose if there is a delay from buying the rose and planting ensure the rose is kept well watered in warm spells.

Plantingroses
DEADHEADING
To encourage many blooms and repeat flowering deadheading is essential and stops the rose producing seed. To deadhead shorten the flowering stem by one third this will also help keep the shape of the rose.

PRUNING
Pruning a rose ensures your plant has strong vigorous growth and improves the quality and size of the flowers it also helps keep the plants healthy by increasing the air circulation to help reduce fungal and pest problems.  Wait until late winter or early spring to prune your roses. Late February is an ideal time, then after pruning feed and mulch. Don't be afraid to prune roses back hard they can be reduced by half.

Always make a sloping cut with sharp secateurs cut just above an outward facing bud, the slant should always face away so the rain doesn't run on to the bud causing it to rot.

Ground cover roses can be cut back in spring by cutting out any dead or diseased wood and trimming back to retain its shape and boundary this will create a dense vigorous foliage.

Climbers can be pruned during winter by cutting out any dead or diseased branches tie in any new shoots and cut out any old branches, prune the side branches by cutting them back to the third bud.

Ramblers can be pruned after flowering in late summer cut out any old or diseased wood to the base new shoots will appear then cut back the side branches to the third bud on each shoot.

Shrub
Prune from late winter to early spring firstly remove any dead or diseased branches then thin the rose by cutting out any crossed over branches or older stems to the base and reduce the main stems by a third.

Bush
Prune late winter to early spring by cutting out any dead and diseased wood then reduce the stems by half.
Miniature roses only need a light pruning to maintain their shape.

Recently planted roses need watering especially during warm spells needing water every couple of days until they are established.  Smaller roses can be grown in containers but particular attention must be given to watering so they don't dry out.  Water the roses at the base of the plant and avoid watering the foliage in the evening to minimise fungi spores spreading.  Mulching around the roses will not only suppress any small weeds it will help retain moisture this can be achieved with compost or bark. Keep the area around the roses weed free this is best done by hand as the roots grow close to the surface and could be easily damaged.

All roses need feeding as they are hungry plants so feed at the beginning of the growing season during spring after pruning is an ideal time then again in July after the first flush of flowers this helps to promote healthy plants and repeat flowering.  Feed you roses with appropriate feed following the manufacturers guidelines.  Liquid fertiliser works quickly acting like a tonic and is ideal for getting nutrient direct to the plant quickly use it every two weeks when plants are grown in containers.
Granular all purpose rose feed is sprinkled at base of the plant and is longer lasting and taken up by the roots.

Pests And Diseases
Keeping a careful eye on your roses and treating them at the first sign of trouble is the best practice to deal with any problems that may arise treating them with either a commercial spray or using organic methods.

Aphids And Caterpillars
Remove any caterpillars by hand as soon as you spot them and squash any aphids on the leaves between your fingers. Roses can be washed with a solution of washing up liquid and water for control of aphids. Alternatively spray the rose with commercial spray as soon as any aphids or caterpillars are spotted, following the manufactures recommend guidelines.

Powdery Mildew
This is a whitish powder that can affect leaves, stems and flowers it’s a fungal disease that is spread by airborne spores, poor air flow along with high humidity and dry soil helps this disease to spread. Trying to prevent problems is key always ensure that the plant doesn't dry out during dry spells this puts the rose into stress a layer of mulch will help retain moisture.  Good air circulation and regular feeding avoiding a high nitrogen feed as this will produce too much leafy growth that will be more susceptible to the disease.  If the plant does get powdery mildew prune out badly affected area disposing of any clippings.  Spraying with a proprietary fungicide at regular intervals during the growing season following the manufacturers guild lines will help control the problem.

Blackspot
This is a serious fungal disease for roses as it infects the leaves and reduces the plants vigour. Black or deep purple spots appear on the leaves, in most cases the leaves turn yellow they then fall off the marks appear from spring onwards. Pruning the roses in spring and collecting the fallen leaves from around the affected plant in autumn and destroying them may help reduce the problem.  Spraying with a proprietary fungicide at regular intervals during the growing season following the manufacturers guidelines may help control the problem, but black spot is a difficult problem to treat.

Rust
This is the least serious of rose problems it is a fungal disease that appears in spring bright orange spores may appear on the stems. Then on the underside of the leaves yellow spots appear with orange spores on the top side they then may turn black towards the end of summer and may also drop early.
Prune out any infections as soon as it is spotted and destroy any fallen leaves in autumn.
Spraying with a proprietary fungicide at regular intervals during the growing season following the manufacturers guide lines may help control the problem.

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"Choose the right rose for your garden and follow our guide to planting and caring for it, fragrant scented blooms during summer."